Micropapillary pattern in serous borderline ovarian tumors: does it matter?

Gynecol Oncol. 2011 Dec;123(3):511-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2011.08.008. Epub 2011 Sep 13.


Objective: To evaluate the clinical and prognostic impact of micropapillary pattern in patients with serous borderline ovarian tumors (SBOT).

Methods: We retrospectively assessed 130 consecutive patients with typical (n=97, 74.6%) or micropapillary (n=33, 25.4%) SBOT. Clinicopathologic factors and outcomes were compared between these two groups.

Results: There were no significant between-group differences in age, menopausal status, parity, body mass index, cancer antigen 125 concentration, tumor size, tumor rupture, positive cytology, ovarian surface involvement, retrieved lymph nodes, use of laparoscopy, fertility-sparing and ovary-sparing procedures, complete staging and restaging, and adjuvant chemotherapy. However, the incidences of advanced stage (II-III) tumors (10.3% vs 36.4%, P=0.001), microinvasion (2.1% vs 15.2%, P=0.012), peritoneal implants (8.3% vs 33.4%, P<0.001), and lymph node involvement (0% vs 21.2%, P<0.001) were significantly higher in patients with micropapillary than with typical SBOT. Five patients with typical (5.2%) and three with micropapillary (9.1%) SBOT had recurrent disease (P=0.418), and one patient (3%) in micropapillary SBOT group died due to the disease (P=0.254). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates for patients with typical and micropapillary SBOT were 96% and 86%, respectively (P=0.148). All three patients with micropapillary SBOT who had recurrence had peritoneal implants (one noninvasive and two invasive). Multivariate analysis showed that peritoneal implant was the only significant factor related to DFS (P=0.002).

Conclusions: Because micropapillary SBOT was significantly associated with peritoneal implants, especially invasive implants, and lymph node involvement, complete staging procedures, including lymph node dissection, are recommended. However, micropapillary SBOT itself was not significantly associated with DFS. Peritoneal implant was the only factor independently associated with tumor recurrence.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / drug therapy
  • Adenoma / pathology*
  • Adenoma / surgery
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Cystadenoma, Serous / drug therapy
  • Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology*
  • Cystadenoma, Serous / surgery
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Lymph Nodes / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult