Since we had previously demonstrated the protective role played by Toxoplasma excreted-secreted antigens, the aim of the present work was to produce monoclonal antibodies directed against these antigens in order to determine if their localization in the parasite is compatible with a mechanism of excretion or secretion. Western immunoblotting analysis revealed three monoclonal antibodies (TG17-179, TG17-43, and TG17-113) raised against excreted-secreted antigens of 28.5, 27, and 21 kDa, respectively. The TG17-179 which reacts with antigens isolated by Concanavalin A affinity chromatography is directed against a glycosylated 28.5-kDa component. Colloidal immunogold labeling showed the ultrastructural localization of the 21-, 27-, and 28.5-kDa antigens in the matrix of the dense granules of tachyzoites and associated with the microvilli network of the parasitophorous vacuole, after host cell invasion. These observations suggest the following mechanism of Toxoplasma secretion: secreted antigens are first stored in tachyzoite-dense granules and are then released inside the parasitophorous vacuole. Among the secretory molecules characterized here, the native 27-kDa antigen recognized by TG17-43 is a calcium-binding protein found to be intermixed with the 21- and 28.5-kDa antigens inside the dense granules and hence could play a role in the packaging of secretory products. In addition, the 21- and 28.5-kDa antigens were also located beneath the parasite plasma-lemma. This particular location could reflect a transient step characteristic of T. gondii secretion.