The strength of reproductive isolation often correlates positively with parental divergence in both animals and plants. Here, we assess the relationship between transmission ratio distortion (TRD) of marker loci and parental divergence in intraspecific rice (Oryza sativa L.) crosses. We produced 10 diverse F(2) populations by crossing a temperate japonica reference accession with each of 10 donor accessions belonging to subpopulations different from the reference accession, and then genotyped the F(2) populations using molecular markers distributed across the entire genome. Significant TRDs (α = 0.05) were detected in 9 of the 10 F(2) populations. TRD regions on chromosomes 3 and 6 were common to several populations; in contrast, other TRD regions were unique to a single population, indicating the diversification of genomic location of TRDs among the populations. The level of TRD (estimated from the overall number and magnitude of TRDs) was significantly correlated with the genetic distance between the donor accessions and the reference accession. Our results suggest that in intraspecific rice crosses, parental divergence may result in diversification of the TRD pattern, followed by an increase in the level of TRD.