Cypermethrin, a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide is shown to exert carcinogenic effects in rodents; however, its underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, we showed the effect of cypermethrin on protein expression involved in neoplastic transformation in mouse skin. Comparative protein expression profiles between untreated control and cypermethrin-treated mouse skin were explored using 2-DE. A total of 27 spots that were statistically significant (p<0.05) and differentially expressed in response to cypermethrin exposure were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF and LC-MS/MS. Among them, six up-regulated proteins (carbonic anhydrase 3 (Ca 3), Hsp-27, S100A6, galectin-7, S100A9, S100A11) and one down-regulated protein (superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn] (Sod 1)) are associated with cancer-related key processes. These selected dysregulated proteins were further validated in 2-DE gels of mouse skin treated with known tumorigens (benzo-[a]-pyrene, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate and mezerein), respectively. Comparative studies showed that Ca 3, S100A6, S100A9, S100A11 and Sod 1 are specific for stages of development and progression of tumors whereas Hsp-27 and galectin-7 are specific for tumor promotion stage by cypermethrin in mouse skin. Furthermore, these chosen proteins confirmed by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were consistent with changes in 2-DE check. This proteomic investigation for the first time provides key proteins that will contribute in understanding the mechanism behind cypermethrin-induced neoplastic transformation.
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