Multicultural Mastery Scale for youth: multidimensional assessment of culturally mediated coping strategies

Psychol Assess. 2012 Jun;24(2):313-27. doi: 10.1037/a0025505. Epub 2011 Sep 19.


Self-mastery refers to problem-focused coping facilitated through personal agency. Communal mastery describes problem solving through an interwoven social network. This study investigates an adaptation of self- and communal mastery measures for youth. Given the important distinction between family and peers in the lives of youth, these adaptation efforts produced Mastery-Family and Mastery-Friends subscales, along with a Mastery-Self subscale. We tested these measures for psychometric properties and internal structure with 284 predominately Yup'ik Eskimo Alaska Native adolescents (12- to 18-year-olds) from rural, remote communities-a non-Western culturally distinct group hypothesized to display higher levels of collectivism and communal mastery. Results demonstrate a subset of items adapted for youth function satisfactorily, a 3-response alternative format provided meaningful information, and the subscale's underlying structure is best described through 3 distinct first-order factors organized under 1 higher order mastery factor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alaska / ethnology
  • Child
  • Cultural Characteristics*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Family / ethnology
  • Family / psychology
  • Female
  • Friends / ethnology
  • Friends / psychology
  • Humans
  • Inuits / ethnology
  • Inuits / psychology*
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Personality Assessment / standards
  • Problem Solving
  • Psychological Theory
  • Psychology, Adolescent
  • Psychometrics*
  • Resilience, Psychological
  • Rural Population
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Social Identification*
  • Social Support
  • Young Adult