Acute alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and gun suicide

Subst Use Misuse. 2011;46(13):1592-603. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2011.604371. Epub 2011 Sep 19.


A case-control study of 149 intentionally self-inflicted gun injury cases (including completed gun suicides) and 302 population-based controls was conducted from 2003 to 2006 in a major US city. Two focal independent variables, acute alcohol consumption and alcohol outlet availability, were measured. Conditional logistic regression was adjusted for confounding variables. Gun suicide risk to individuals in areas of high alcohol outlet availability was less than the gun suicide risk they incurred from acute alcohol consumption, especially to excess. This corroborates prior work but also uncovers new information about the relationships between acute alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and gun suicide. Study limitations and implications are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Alcohol Drinking / economics
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Commerce / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Firearms
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Suicide / psychology*
  • Wounds, Gunshot / mortality
  • Wounds, Gunshot / psychology*