The B lymphocyte adaptor molecule of 32 kDa (Bam32) is strongly induced during the maturation of dendritic cells (DC). Most known functions of Bam32 are related to the signaling of the B cell receptor for Ag. Because DC do not express receptors specific for Ags, we aim at characterizing the role of Bam32 in human monocyte-derived DC in this study. Our results show that binding of allogeneic T cells to mature DC causes accumulation of Bam32 on the contact sites and that this translocation is mimicked by Ab-mediated engagement of MHC class I. Silencing of Bam32 in mature monocyte-derived DC results in an enhanced proliferation of CD8(+) T cells in an Ag-specific T cell proliferation assay. Further studies identify galectin-1 as an intracellular binding partner of Bam32. Regulating immune responses via regulatory T cell (Treg) modulation is one of the many immunological activities attributed to galectin-1. Therefore, we assayed mixed leukocyte reactions for Treg expansion and found fewer Treg in reactions stimulated with DC silenced for Bam32 compared to reactions stimulated with DC treated with a nontarget control. Based on our findings, we propose a role for Bam32 in the signaling of MHC class I molecules in professional Ag-presenting DC for the regulation of CD8(+) T cell activation. It is distinct from that of MHC class I recognized by CD8(+) T cells leading to target [corrected] cell death. Thus, our data pinpoint a novel level of T cell regulation that may be of biological relevance.