Amplification of the int-2 gene in human head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

Oncogene. 1990 Jun;5(6):915-20.


Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) from 21 patients were analyzed for structurally rearranged or amplified proto-oncogenes by Southern blot hybridization. The int-2 proto-oncogene was amplified 3-5 fold in 5 (50%) of 10 laryngeal SCC and 2-3 fold in 5 (45%) of 11 nonlaryngeal SCC of the head and neck. Adjacent histologically normal tissue from the same patients had single int-2 gene copy number. Coamplification of int-2 and the epidermal growth factor receptor (c-erbB-1) gene was found in one laryngeal SCC and one SCC metastatic to the neck. No amplification or structural alterations of proto-oncogenes c-erbB-2/HER2, c-myc, H-ras-1, or K-ras-2 was detected in any of the head and neck tumors. In a survey of head and neck tumor-derived cell lines, int-2 was amplified 9 fold in a hypopharyngeal tumor cell line (FaDu), but not amplified in 3 laryngeal tumor cell lines. int-2 has been localized to the q13 band of chromosome 11. We used chromosome 11 specific probes to demonstrate that int-2 amplification was not due to complete or partial chromosome 11 duplication. int-2 amplification was localized to 11q13, but did not extend to the ets-1 locus 11q23. The results indicate that int-2 is frequently amplified in SCC of the head and neck and suggest that int-2 amplification may correlate with clinical disease progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 3
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors*
  • Gene Amplification / genetics*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology
  • Humans
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / genetics
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Larynx / cytology
  • Larynx / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / pathology


  • FGF3 protein, human
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 3
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • ErbB Receptors