Medication therapy management in the primary care setting: a pharmacist-based pay-for-performance project

J Pharm Pract. 2012 Feb;25(1):89-95. doi: 10.1177/0897190011416671. Epub 2011 Sep 20.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of medication therapy management on chronic disease management and generic drug prescribing in the clinic setting.

Methods: Private insurer initiates Pay-for-Performance (PFP) project for clinic-based pharmacists in Iowa and South Dakota (n = 9 clinics) in 2009. Each pharmacist was assigned ∽300 patients with at least 1 of 4 disease states (diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and asthma). Pharmacists were expected to complete 2 medication reviews for each patient. The primary outcome was frequency of patients achieving goal levels: diabetes: hemoglobin A1c (A1c) <8%, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) <130 mg/dL, and blood pressure (BP) <140/80 mm Hg; hypertension: BP <140/90 mm Hg; hyperlipidemia: LDL <130 mg/dL; and asthma: percentage of persistent asthmatics on controller medication. Generic prescribing rates were evaluated for antihypertensives, cholesterol-lowering agents, proton pump inhibitors, and antidepressants.

Results: A total of 827 patients at 3 clinics were included in the analysis. For diabetes, 77.1% had A1c <8%, 83.2% had LDL <130 mg/dL, and 76.3% had BP <140/80 mm Hg. For hypertension, 86.2% had BP <140/90 mm Hg. For hyperlipidemia, 80.6% had LDL <130 mg/dL. For asthma, 100% were on controller medication. One medication review was completed on 88.8% of patients. Generic prescribing rates ranged from 65.8% to 79.4%. IMPLICATIONS/ADAPTABILITY: A high percentage of patients achieved goal levels at clinics with clinical pharmacist services. A multidisciplinary approach to patient care may improve disease state management and medication cost savings.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ambulatory Care / economics*
  • Ambulatory Care / methods
  • Asthma / drug therapy
  • Asthma / economics
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus / economics
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / drug therapy
  • Hyperlipidemias / economics
  • Hypertension / drug therapy
  • Hypertension / economics
  • Iowa
  • Medication Therapy Management / economics
  • Medication Therapy Management / standards*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Care / economics
  • Pharmacists / economics*
  • Pharmacists / psychology
  • Reimbursement, Incentive / economics*
  • Reimbursement, Incentive / standards
  • South Dakota
  • Young Adult