Prophylactic intrapartum amnioinfusion: a randomized clinical trial

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Jun;162(6):1370-4; discussion 1374-5. doi: 10.1016/0002-9378(90)90894-d.


Amnioinfusion was performed in a prospective, randomized trial of 60 women in the latent phase of labor with oligohydramnios, as defined by an amniotic fluid index less than or equal to 5.0 cm. All fetuses were at least 37 weeks' gestational age, had normal baseline fetal heart rate variability, and no clinically significant fetal heart rate decelerations at the outset. Subjects in the amnioinfusion group (n = 30) were titrated to and maintained at an amniotic fluid index level greater than or equal to 8.0 cm throughout labor. In the group receiving amnioinfusion, significantly lower rates of meconium passage (p = 0.04), severe variable decelerations (p = 0.04), end-stage bradycardia (p = 0.05), and operative delivery for fetal distress (p = 0.002) occurred. Significantly higher umbilical arterial blood pH values were also noted in the infusion group (p = 0.02). We conclude that prophylactic intrapartum amnioinfusion is an important technique for the reduction of intrapartum morbidity.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amnion*
  • Amniotic Fluid / physiology*
  • Female
  • Fetal Distress / prevention & control*
  • Heart Rate, Fetal
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Parenteral
  • Labor Stage, First
  • Obstetric Labor Complications / therapy*
  • Pregnancy
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic