Percutaneous atrial septal defect closure in a child with interrupted inferior vena cava: successful femoral venous approach

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Oct 1;78(4):590-3. doi: 10.1002/ccd.23041. Epub 2011 Sep 20.


Interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) with azygous continuation to the superior vena cava (SVC) is a relatively common systemic venous anomaly. This anomaly can occasionally complicate transcatheter intervention by rendering more difficult the usual direct route to the systemic venous atrium afforded by femoral venous access. We report our experience with successful transcatheter closure of a large residual atrial septal defect (ASD) using the femoral venous route in a 3-year-old patient with heterotaxy syndrome of left isomerism type, dextrocardia, partial atrioventricular canal defect, and interrupted IVC with azygous continuation to the SVC.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple*
  • Cardiac Catheterization / instrumentation
  • Cardiac Catheterization / methods*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dextrocardia / complications
  • Female
  • Femoral Vein*
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / complications
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / therapy*
  • Heterotaxy Syndrome / complications
  • Humans
  • Radiography, Interventional
  • Septal Occluder Device
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / abnormalities*