N-glycans play an essential role in biological process and are associated with age, gender, and body mass parameters in Caucasian populations, whereas no study has been reported in Chinese populations. To investigate the correlation between N-glycan structures and metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, we conducted a population-based study in 212 Chinese Han individuals. The replication study was performed on 520 unrelated individuals from a Croatian island Korčula. The most prominent observation was the consistent positive correlations between different forms of triantennary glycans and negative correlations between glycans containing core-fucose with MetS components including BMI, SBP, DBP, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) simultaneously. Significant differences in a number of N-glycan traits were also detected between normal and abnormal groups of BMI, BP, and FPG, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the level of monosialylated glycans (structure loadings = -0.776) was the most correlated with the MetS related risk factors, especially with SBP (structure loadings = 0.907). Results presented here are showing that variations in the composition of the N-glycome in human plasma could represent the alternations of human metabolism and could be potential biomarkers of MetS.