[Clinico-economical aspects of application of trimetazidine MB in patients with chronic heart failure and cardiac rhythm disturbances]

Kardiologiia. 2011;51(9):35-41.
[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Aim: To study clinical and pharmacoeconomical aspects of trimetazidine MD as a component of complex therapy of chronic heart failure (CHF) in patients with cardiac rhythm disturbances.

Material and methods: In 82 patients (67 men, 15 women, mean age 62.2+/-7.3 years) with II-III functional class (FC) of CHF we studied effect of addition of therapy with trimetazidine MB to standard therapy on CHF FC, parameters of Holter monitoring (HM) of ECG and treadmill test. In analysis of HM we considered number of isolated and paired ventricular extrasystoles (VE), episodes of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), duration of episodes of ST segment depression on 24-hour ECG. Pharmacoeconomical analysis of 2 therapy regimes was conducted by the method of calculation of cost/efficacy ratio for each parameter. Stabilization of state was achieved before study in all patients at the background of standard therapy with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, cardiac glycosides, diuretics, beta-adrenoblockers. At the background of this therapy trimetazidine MB in the dose of 70 mg/day was added to 40 patients of group 1 while 42 patients of group 2 received standard therapy without trimetazidine MB.

Results: After 16 weeks of treatment CHF FC lowered 11% (<0.05) 10% (<0.05) in groups 1 and 2, respectively. According to data of HM numbers of VE decreased in group 1 by 57.6% (<0.05), in group 2 by 28.8% (<0.05), episodes of nonsustained VT--by 58.3% (<0,05) and 36.8% (<0.05), isolated VE--by 23.6% (>0.05) and 6.9% (>0.05), respectively. Duration of episodes of ST depression decreased 55.5% (<0.05) in group 1 and 23.3% (<0.05) in group 2. According to treadmill test maximal power of load in patients of group 1 rose 12.3% (<0.05), of group 2-6.7% (<0.05), total exercise duration rose 16.8% (<0.05) and 82% (<0.05), respectively. Cost/efficacy ratio expressed in roubles per 1% efficacy calculated for CHF FC was 2694 in group 1, 4095--in group 2; for maximal load power--2409 and 3667, respectively; for duration of episodes of ST segment depression--1665 and 1934, respectively; for dynamics of VE number--514 and 853, respectively.

Conclusions: Supplementation of standard CHF therapy with therapy with metabolic cytoprotector trimetazidine MB allows to achieve more pronounced positive effect on CHF FC, exercise tolerance, and lowering of cardiac ectopic activity. Smallest cost efficacy ratio after addition of trimetazidine MB to standard therapy from pharmacoeconomical point of view evidence for advantages of this regime of therapy possessing smaller expenditures per unit of efficacy.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / complications
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / drug therapy*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Disease Management
  • Electrocardiography
  • Exercise Test
  • Exercise Tolerance / drug effects
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / complications
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure / drug therapy*
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Physiologic* / economics
  • Monitoring, Physiologic* / methods
  • Remission Induction
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Trimetazidine* / administration & dosage
  • Trimetazidine* / adverse effects
  • Trimetazidine* / economics
  • Vasodilator Agents / administration & dosage
  • Vasodilator Agents / adverse effects

Substances

  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Trimetazidine