Significant linkage at chromosome 19q for otitis media with effusion and/or recurrent otitis media (COME/ROM)

BMC Med Genet. 2011 Sep 26;12:124. doi: 10.1186/1471-2350-12-124.

Abstract

Background: In previous analyses, we identified a region of chromosome 19 as harboring a susceptibility locus for chronic otitis media with effusion and/or recurrent otitis media (COME/ROM). Our aim was to further localize the linkage signal and ultimately identify the causative variant or variants. We followed up our previous linkage scan with dense SNP genotyping across in a 5 Mb region. A total of 607 individuals from 139 families, including 159 affected sib pairs and 62 second-degree affected relative pairs, were genotyped at 1,091 SNPs. We carried out a nonparametric linkage analysis, modeling marker-to-marker linkage disequilibrium.

Results: The maximum log of the odds (LOD) score increased to 3.75 (P = 1.6 × 10(-5)) at position 63.4 Mb, with a LOD-1 support interval between 61.6 Mb and 63.8 Mb, providing significant evidence of linkage between this region and COME/ROM. The support interval contains over 90 known genes, including several genes involved in the inflammasome protein complex, a key regulator of the innate immune response to harmful exogenous or endogenous stimuli. Parametric linkage analysis suggests that for a sib of an affected individual, the recurrence risk of COME/ROM due to this linkage region is twice the recurrence risk in the population. We examined potential associations between the SNPs genotyped in this region and COME/ROM, however none provided evidence for association.

Conclusion: This study has refined the 19q region of linkage with COME/ROM, and association results suggest that the linkage signal may be due to rare variants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19*
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Lod Score
  • Otitis Media with Effusion / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Recurrence