Persistent corneal erosions may be primary or secondary to a variety of ocular diseases such as KCS, infection, or adnexal disease. Primary corneal diseases that may result in nonhealing erosions include corneal EBMD and endothelial dystrophy or degeneration. The challenge that the practitioner faces is to differentiate between them and to apply the appropriate treatment. A variety of medical and surgical therapies are at the disposal of the practitioner. These include debridement, contact lens placement, superficial keratectomy, punctate keratotomy, hyperosmotic solutions, and several new drug modalities such as epidermal growth factor, fibronectin, and aprotinin.