Follow-up of the survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Early Hum Dev. 2012 Apr;88(4):255-8. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2011.08.025. Epub 2011 Sep 23.


Introduction: Survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia have increased with the introduction of new treatment modalities and have been reported to experience ongoing medical morbidity until adulthood.

Aim: To describe the long-term functional impact of congenital diaphragmatic repair on the survivors of a single institution cohort of newborns over a 14-year period.

Methods: The follow up medical charts of 39 congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors treated at a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, from January 1997 to December 2010, were analyzed.

Results: The median age at follow up was 70 (4-162) months. Gastrointestinal sequelae were the most common with 12 (30.7%) patients affected by failure to thrive. Chronic lung disease occurred in 5 (12.8%) patients, neurodevelopmental delay in 5 (12.8%), musculoskeletal sequelae in 6 (15.3%), recurrence of hernia in 4 (10.2%) and 2 (7.6%) were deceased.

Conclusion: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors are a group of patients that requires long term periodic follow up in a multidisciplinary setting to provide adequate support and improve their quality of life.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Developmental Disabilities / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / complications
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / epidemiology
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / mortality
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / surgery
  • Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Morbidity
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Survivors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Treatment Outcome