Efficacy of auto-crosslinked hyaluronan gel for adhesion prevention in laparoscopy and hysteroscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2012 Jan;160(1):1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2011.08.002. Epub 2011 Sep 25.

Abstract

Prevention of postoperative adhesions is a clinical need. We undertook a systematic review to explore the available clinical evidence of the efficacy of auto-crosslinked hyaluronan gel for postoperative adhesion prevention following endoscopic gynecological surgery. An electronic database search of MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and EMBASE, and a comprehensive hand-search of reference lists of published and review articles were performed. No language restrictions were applied. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the use of auto-crosslinked hyaluronan gel for the prevention of postoperative adhesions in gynecological surgery were included in the meta-analysis if they reported outcomes as evaluated at a blind second-look assessment. Three authors independently selected studies and extracted data on study characteristics, quality and accuracy. The Jadad scoring system was used for validity assessment. Meta-analysis was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The outcome was the incidence of postoperative adhesions based on a binary response (present or not present). Only five RCTs were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. The incidence of postoperative adhesions in patients who received auto-crosslinked hyaluronan gel was significantly lower than in patients who underwent standard surgery only. The gel prevented both intraperitoneal adhesions after laparoscopic myomectomy (OR 0.248, 95% CI 0.098, 0.628) and intrauterine adhesions after hysteroscopic surgery (OR 0.408, 95% CI 0.217, 0.766). Further RCTs are needed to assess the efficacy of auto-crosslinked hyaluronan gel in women undergoing different laparoscopic intra-abdominal surgical procedures.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gels
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid / administration & dosage*
  • Hysteroscopy / adverse effects*
  • Laparoscopy / adverse effects*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Tissue Adhesions / prevention & control*

Substances

  • Gels
  • Hyaluronic Acid