A computational investigation on singlet and triplet exciton couplings in acene molecular crystals

Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2011 Nov 7;13(41):18615-25. doi: 10.1039/c1cp21246j. Epub 2011 Sep 22.


Quantum chemical calculations (DFT, TDDFT and ZINDO/S) of singlet and triplet exciton couplings are presented and discussed for some acene derivatives (such as anthracene, tetracene, 9,10-di(phenyl)anthracene and 9,10-bis(phenylethynyl)anthracene). An accurate excited state single molecule characterization has been carried out followed by an analysis of the inter-molecular excitonic interactions, taking place in the crystalline phase. These have been correlated to exciton coupling terms obtaining guidelines for the choice of molecular materials with large exciton couplings. Such organic systems are likely to show multiexciton processes such as singlet fission (SF) and triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) which are useful in energy conversion phenomena to be exploited in photonic and optoelectronic devices.