Nutrition, bone, and aging: an integrative physiology approach

Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2011 Dec;9(4):184-95. doi: 10.1007/s11914-011-0079-7.


Osteoporosis, a condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality, is prevalent in the growing elderly population. Aging is associated with characteristic changes in the complex pathways of bone remodeling and in patterns of food intake. Whereas the traditional focus of nutritional supplementation for protection of bone health has centered around calcium and vitamin D, a multitude of nutrients have been identified with effects on bone, both individually and in combination. An integrative physiology approach can assist in formulating a deeper understanding of the complex interactions of nutrition and aging with bone, with the goal of identifying modifiable risk factors for the prevention of bone loss.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology*
  • Bone Remodeling / physiology
  • Bone and Bones / physiology*
  • Calcium / physiology
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Vitamin D / physiology


  • Vitamin D
  • Calcium