The effects of the c-kit blocker glivec on the contractile response of urinary bladder

J Surg Res. 2011 Dec;171(2):e193-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2011.07.048. Epub 2011 Aug 25.


Objectives: To investigate the effects of imatinib (Glivec) on the urinary bladder contraction and excitation induced by neurostimulation, therefore to clarify the relationships between the bladder interstitial cell of Cajal (ICC) and the neural signals.

Methods: In in vivo experiments, pelvic nerves of rats were stimulated by square-wave pulses. The contractile response was recorded before and 40 min after the administration of medications (atropine, Glivec, and ketotifen). In in vitro experiments, the bladder contractile response induced by acetylcholine with or without Glivec was evaluated. The space relationship between ICC and neural fibers were observed with double-labeled fluorescence using primary antibodies (anti-c-kit and anti-vesicular acetylcholine transferase) and secondary fluorescent antibodies (Alexa 488 and Alexa 594; Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR).

Results: Atropine and Glivec could significantly inhibit the bladder contractile response induced by the electrical stimulation in a dose-dependent manner, while ketotifen did not obviously affect bladder contractile response. In in vitro experiments, Glivec did not affect acetylcholine-induced bladder contractile response. The location of ICC in close proximity to cholinergic nerve fibers was confirmed by double-labeled fluorescence.

Conclusions: Bladder ICC play an important role as intermediaries in the transmission of cholinergic signals from nerve to smooth muscle cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atropine / pharmacology
  • Benzamides
  • Female
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Imatinib Mesylate
  • Interstitial Cells of Cajal / physiology
  • Ketotifen / pharmacology
  • Muscarinic Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects*
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology
  • Muscle, Smooth / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Smooth / innervation
  • Muscle, Smooth / physiology
  • Nerve Fibers / physiology
  • Piperazines / pharmacology*
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Pyrimidines / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Urinary Bladder / drug effects*
  • Urinary Bladder / innervation
  • Urinary Bladder / physiology
  • Urodynamics / drug effects
  • Urodynamics / physiology


  • Benzamides
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists
  • Muscarinic Antagonists
  • Piperazines
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Pyrimidines
  • Atropine
  • Imatinib Mesylate
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
  • Ketotifen