Allelic variations in superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) gene are associated with increased risk of diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetic subjects

Mol Genet Metab. 2011 Dec;104(4):654-60. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2011.08.033. Epub 2011 Sep 8.


Background: Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzymes play a major role in detoxification of reactive oxygen species and have a protective effect against diabetic nephropathy. We investigated associations of allelic variations in SOD1 gene with nephropathy in patients with type 1 diabetes.

Methods: Seven SNPs in SOD1 region were analyzed in 1285 type 1 European Caucasian diabetic patients from the SURGENE prospective study (n=340; ten year follow-up), and the Genesis France-Belgium (n=501) and GENEDIAB (n=444) cross-sectional studies. Cox proportional hazards and logistic regression analyses were used to estimate hazard ratios or odds ratios for incidence and prevalence of diabetic nephropathy.

Results: In the SURGENE study, the T-allele of rs1041740 was associated with the prevalence of incipient (OR 5.75, 95% CI 1.78-19.39, p=0.004) and established/advanced nephropathy at baseline (OR 8.95, 95% CI 1.51-58.42, p=0.02), and with the incidence of incipient nephropathy during follow-up (HR 1.46, 95% C.I. 1.13-1.90, p=0.004). The variant was also associated with decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) throughout the study. In cross-sectional study of Genesis/GENEDIAB cohorts, the G-allele of rs17880135 was associated with incipient (OR 7.53, 95% CI 2.30-25.45, p=0.001), established (OR 6.04, 95% CI 1.52-23.91, p=0.01) and advanced nephropathy (OR 10.03, 95% CI 2.95-35.44, p=0.0003).

Conclusions: SOD1 allelic variations were associated with the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy, with the incidence of microalbuminuria and with decreased eGFR in type 1 diabetic subjects. These results are consistent with an implication of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy and with the major role for antioxidant enzymes as a mechanism of renal protection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alleles
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / enzymology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / enzymology*
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / etiology
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Variation
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Prevalence
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Superoxide Dismutase / genetics*
  • Superoxide Dismutase-1
  • Young Adult


  • SOD1 protein, human
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Superoxide Dismutase-1