Objectives: To investigate the effect of extreme levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in the calculation of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) using Friedewald's formula (FF) and other formulas proposed recently.
Design and methods: Lipoprotein profile was performed in 2603 samples with HDL-C ≤ 20 mg/dL and 1953 samples with HDL-C ≥ 100 mg/dL.
Results: Wilcoxon's and Student's t-tests showed significant differences (p<0.001) between calculated LDL-C by different formulas and direct determination in the two groups of HDL-C values. Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman plot showed disagreement for the four formulas studied, except for Vujovic formula in the HLD-C ≥ 100 mg/dL group.
Conclusions: Our results suggested that none of the formulas under analysis should be used for estimating LDL-C in samples with extreme HDL-C concentrations due to absence of statistical correlation with LDL-C direct measurement.
Copyright © 2011 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.