Background: The evaluation of intravitreal bevacizumab treatment for delayed radiation maculopathy and papillopathy after irradiation for maxillary sinus cancer.
Case report: A patient with radiation maculopathy and papillopathy was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg). Main outcome measures included fundus photography, angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Two weeks after intravitreal bevacizumab, visual acuity improved from 0.4 to 1.2. Fundus examination revealed decreased disc swelling, peripapillary hemorrhage, and macular edema. OCT demonstrated complete resolution of serous retinal detachment. At the 12-month follow-up, there was no exudation recurrence. No ocular or systemic side effects were observed.
Conclusion: Intravitreal bevacizumab can be used to treat radiation maculopathy and papillopathy. Antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy may decrease tissue injury associated with radiation vasculopathy.
Keywords: bevacizumab; maculopathy; papillopathy; radiation.