Renal and systemic hemodynamics in experimental cirrhosis in rats: relation to hepatic function

Hepatology. 1990 Jul;12(1):13-9. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840120104.

Abstract

The onset of sodium retention in the phenobarbital and carbon tetrachloride model of cirrhosis in the rat is preceded by a linear decrease in hepatic function as measured by the aminopyrine breath test. Sodium retention occurs when liver function decreases below a critical threshold. Changes in systemic hemodynamics may be responsible for initiating the development of renal sodium retention. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between hepatic function and systemic and renal hemodynamics of experimental cirrhosis in rats maintained on a constant salt diet. Cirrhosis was induced in phenobarbital-treated rats by weekly administration of carbon tetrachloride. The aminopyrine breath test served as a measure of hepatic function. Three groups of animals were studied to evaluate the contribution of changes in systemic and renal hemodynamics to the onset of sodium retention: a group with sodium retention and aminopyrine breath test results just below the critical threshold, a group without sodium retention and aminopyrine breath test results just above the critical threshold and a phenobarbital-treated control group. In each group, urinary sodium excretion, renal plasma flow, glomerular filtration rate, mean arterial pressure and arterial and renal venous plasma renin activities were determined. A progressive, significant reduction in mean arterial pressure was seen, comparing controls with the other two groups. No differences in renal plasma flow were observed between the three groups, but glomerular filtration rate and filtration fraction were slightly reduced in the sodium-retaining group compared with the non-retaining group and controls.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aminopyrine / analysis
  • Animals
  • Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning / physiopathology
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Hemodynamics*
  • Liver / physiopathology*
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental / physiopathology*
  • Liver Function Tests
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Reference Values
  • Renal Circulation*
  • Renin / blood

Substances

  • Aminopyrine
  • Renin