Application of quantitative 19F and 1H NMR for reaction monitoring and in situ yield determinations for an early stage pharmaceutical candidate

Anal Chem. 2011 Nov 15;83(22):8766-71. doi: 10.1021/ac202287y. Epub 2011 Oct 20.


Quantitative NMR spectrometry (qNMR) is an attractive, viable alternative to traditional chromatographic techniques. It is a fast, easy, accurate, and nondestructive technique which allows an analyst to gain quantitative information about a component mixture without the necessity of authentic reference materials, as is the case with most other analytical techniques. This is ideal for the synthesis of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) that are in the early stages of development where authentic standards of the analytes may not be available. In this paper, the application of (19)F and (1)H qNMR for reaction monitoring and in situ potency determinations will be discussed for an early stage pharmaceutical candidate with several analytical challenges. These challenges include low UV absorption, low ionization, thermal instability, and lack of authentic reference standards. Quantitative NMR provided quick, fit-for-purpose solutions for process development where conventional separation techniques were limited.

MeSH terms

  • Fluorine / chemistry
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / analysis*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemical synthesis
  • Protons


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Protons
  • Fluorine