Effect of biofeedback assisted relaxation training on blood glucose levels in a type I insulin dependent diabetic. A case report

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 1990 Mar;21(1):69-75. doi: 10.1016/0005-7916(90)90051-l.


Treatment of unstable Type I insulin dependent diabetes in a female client using relaxation training, biofeedback and stress management is described. Both average and standard deviation of blood glucose values decreased during treatment and improvements were maintained at one year follow-up with constant or slightly decreased insulin dosage. The results are discussed in the light of describing factors which may predispose diabetics to success in relaxation based treatment programs.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arousal / physiology*
  • Biofeedback, Psychology / physiology*
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / psychology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / therapy*
  • Diet, Diabetic / psychology
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Insulin Infusion Systems / psychology
  • Muscle Relaxation / physiology
  • Relaxation Therapy*
  • Stress, Psychological / complications


  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A