Reoperation after colorectal surgery is an independent predictor of the 1-year mortality rate

Dis Colon Rectum. 2011 Nov;54(11):1438-42. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0b013e31822c64f1.


Background: Comparative evaluation of surgical quality among hospitals must improve outcome and efficiency, and reduce medical costs. Reoperation after colorectal surgery is a consequence of surgical complications and therefore considered a quality-of-care indicator. With respect to the mortality rate, the 1-year mortality may be a more meaningful figure than in-hospital mortality, because it also reflects the impact of surgical complications beyond discharge.

Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate the 1-year mortality after colorectal surgery and to identify predicting factors.

Design: This study was a retrospective analysis from our colorectal surgery database.

Patients: All patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery from 2005 to 2008 were included.

Main outcome measures: Both univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify predicting factors. The following variables were analyzed: age, operative risk according to the ASA class, Charlson-Age Comorbidity Index, indication for and type of resection, primary anastomosis, tumor staging, anastomotic leakage, and reoperation.

Results: For 743 consecutive patients, the 1-year mortality rate was 6.9%. Patients were operated on mainly because of colorectal cancer (n = 537; 72%). The rate of reoperation and in-hospital mortality was 12.8% and 2.4%. Univariate survival analysis demonstrated that ASA class, age, Charlson-Age Comorbidity Index, reoperation, and stage of disease were independent predictors of 1-year mortality. Multivariate analysis showed that ASA class (P = .020; HR 1.69), age (P = .015; HR 2.08) and reoperation (P = .001; HR 2.72) are directly correlated with 1-year mortality.

Limitations: Both patients with benign diseases and colorectal cancer are included. Furthermore, no clear guidelines on whether to perform a reoperation were available.

Conclusion: One-year mortality after colorectal surgery is independently predicted by ASA class, age, and reoperation. Our results underline the value of the 1-year mortality rate and the reoperation rate as parameters for quality assessment in colorectal surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Colectomy / mortality*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Elective Surgical Procedures / mortality
  • Female
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reoperation / mortality*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate