A test for determining endurance capacity in fencers

Int J Sports Med. 2012 Jan;33(1):48-52. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1284349. Epub 2011 Oct 7.

Abstract

Until now endurance in fencers has been tested by non-specific ergometer tests even though the movement patterns during fencing are considerably different. The aim of the study was to evaluate a newly developed fencing-specific endurance test (FET). 2 studies were carried out: 28 fencers were tested by FET with fencing-specific footwork and incremental tests on cycle (CE) and treadmill ergometer (TM) in a random order. Afterwards fencing bouts (BOU) were conducted to determine specific physical load. Blood lactate and heart rates were measured. In a second study another group of 18 international and 20 national level fencers conducted FET to explore differences between groups. Comparison of CE, TM, FET and BOU revealed a significant correlation between FET and BOU (r=0.80, p<0.01), heart rates during CE and TM were significantly lower than in bouts (p<0.01). Performance at CE and TM hardly correlated with FET (r=0.30, p<0.05; r=0.31, p<0.05). Elite-fencers showed significantly better performance than non-elite fencers in FET (p<0.01). FET was suitable for determining specific endurance in fencers, allows a better assessment of physical demands during bouts than conventional ergometry and can be used to distinguish between fencers of different levels.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Athletes
  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Bicycling / physiology
  • Exercise Test / methods*
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Lactic Acid / blood
  • Male
  • Physical Endurance / physiology*
  • Sports / physiology*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Lactic Acid