The most effective and essential way of improving the oral health status education

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. Jul-Sep 2011;29(3):216-21. doi: 10.4103/0970-4388.85825.

Abstract

Background: Oral health is an essential component of health throughout life. Two major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases, are both ancient and widespread. The oral health situation analysis demands that the preventive program be implemented in both the developing and developed countries. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of delivering the primary preventive strategies through non dental and dental personnel.

Aims and objectives: To develops the preventive package for improving the oral health status of children utilizing the different communication approaches. To find out the most feasible and effective communication approach for delivering the preventive package. To evaluate the changes produced in terms of various soft and hard core parameters after 6 months of implementation of the oral-health preventive package in the school children of different study groups as compared to control.

Materials and methods: This study was conducted on total of 972 children in the age group of 5-16 years who were randomly selected from four schools of Chandigarh and Panchkula to evaluate and compare the prevalence of dental caries and knowledge, attitude, and practice about oral health.

Results and conclusions: The results of various parameters indicate that direct communication through the dentist proved to be the most effective communication approach as compared to the other two indirect communication approaches.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attitude to Health
  • Cariogenic Agents / adverse effects
  • Cariostatic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communication
  • DMF Index
  • Dental Caries / prevention & control
  • Dental Plaque / prevention & control
  • Dentist-Patient Relations
  • Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Sucrose / adverse effects
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Education, Dental / methods*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • India
  • Mouthwashes / therapeutic use
  • Oral Health*
  • Periodontal Diseases / prevention & control
  • Primary Prevention / methods
  • Sodium Fluoride / therapeutic use
  • Teaching / methods
  • Teaching Materials
  • Toothbrushing

Substances

  • Cariogenic Agents
  • Cariostatic Agents
  • Dietary Sucrose
  • Mouthwashes
  • Sodium Fluoride