Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has increased dramatically throughout the world in recent years. This increase has also affected the young, such that over the last decade, the rise in the number of children and youth with T2DM has been labeled an epidemic. The main reason for this epidemic is the spurt in childhood obesity worldwide. This is linked to the global economic growth and changes in lifestyle and dietery habits. It is important that we recognize this epidemic of T2DM early, and institute national and global measures to contain it. T2DM in childhood can be controlled to a large extent through lifestyle modification measures. It is important that we screen this disease condition, and identify the at-risk cases.