Context: Traditional lipid measures are known to be associated with incident type 2 diabetes.
Objective: Our objective was to assess the independent association between lipid profiles and the development of type 2 diabetes in nondiabetic Korean subjects over a 4-yr period.
Design and methods: A total of 5577 Koreans without diabetes who underwent consecutive comprehensive health check-ups annually for 5 yr were enrolled. We measured concentrations of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), apolipoprotein B (apoB), apolipoprotein A-I, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and calculated lipid ratios. The association between incident type 2 diabetes and the initial values for lipid ratios and other lipoprotein components was examined.
Results: Over the course of 4 yr, 330 subjects (5.9%) developed type 2 diabetes. TC, LDL-C, TG, non-HDL, apoB, apoB to apolipoprotein A-I ratio, TC to HDL ratio, TG to HDL ratio, LDL to HDL ratio and apoB to HDL ratio were associated with incident type 2 diabetes in multivariate analysis after adjustment for age and gender. Of these, the ratio of TC to HDL and apoB to HDL showed a significant association with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, compared with other lipoprotein parameters: odds ratio (1.340, 95% confidence interval 1.166-1.538; and 1.338, 95% confidence interval 1.162-1.540), respectively. The odds ratio for the development of type 2 diabetes increased significantly as the tertiles of the baseline ratio of TC to HDL and apoB to HDL increased from the first to the third tertile.
Conclusions: This study suggests that lipid and lipoprotein profiles can be independently associated with later development of type 2 diabetes in nondiabetic Korean adults in a longitudinal analysis.