Clinical characteristics of reticular pseudodrusen in Korean patients

Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Mar;153(3):530-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2011.08.012. Epub 2011 Oct 11.


Purpose: To clarify the clinical characteristics of reticular pseudodrusen in Korean patients.

Design: Retrospective, observational, consecutive case series.

Methods: A total of 255 eyes of 130 patients diagnosed with reticular pseudodrusen were evaluated. Reticular pseudodrusen were diagnosed by characteristic fundus findings using ophthalmoscopy, color fundus photography with blue-channel examination, near-infrared photography, red-free photography, autofluorescence imaging, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) was determined by the International Classification and Grading System.

Results: The mean age was 72.6 ± 9.0 years (range, 43 to 92 years). Most reticular pseudodrusen patients had bilateral disease (97.7%), with a female preponderance (86.2%). All 3 patients who showed unilateral reticular pseudodrusen had neovascular AMD in the eye with no reticular pseudodrusen. AMD was found in 183 eyes (71.8 %), among which early AMD was found in 115 eyes (45.1%), geographic atrophy was found in 41 eyes (16.1%), and neovascular AMD was found in 27 eyes (10.6%). The mean age of patients with AMD and with no AMD was 73.7 ± 9.2 years (range, 58 to 92 years) and 69.9 ± 11.7 years (range, 43 to 90 years), respectively, and there was a statistical difference between these 2 groups (P < .05). Classic choroidal neovascularization was found in 13 eyes (48.1%), and occult choroidal neovascularization was found in 14 eyes (51.9%) in the neovascular AMD group.

Conclusions: Reticular pseudodrusen occurs in Koreans, and clinical manifestations of reticular pseudodrusen in Koreans did not differ significantly from those described in white persons. However, our study demonstrated a higher rate of bilaterality compared with those previously reported, and geographic atrophy was found to be associated more commonly with reticular pseudodrusen than with neovascular AMD. Ethnical differences may be associated with these findings, and further studies are required.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Asians / ethnology
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / diagnosis*
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / ethnology
  • Coloring Agents
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Geographic Atrophy / diagnosis*
  • Geographic Atrophy / ethnology
  • Humans
  • Indocyanine Green
  • Korea / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ophthalmoscopy
  • Retinal Drusen / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Drusen / ethnology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Wet Macular Degeneration / diagnosis*
  • Wet Macular Degeneration / ethnology


  • Coloring Agents
  • Indocyanine Green