3D kidney segmentation from CT images using a level set approach guided by a novel stochastic speed function

Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2011;14(Pt 3):587-94. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-23626-6_72.

Abstract

Kidney segmentation is a key step in developing any noninvasive computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for early detection of acute renal rejection. This paper describes a new 3-D segmentation approach for the kidney from computed tomography (CT) images. The kidney borders are segmented from the surrounding abdominal tissues with a geometric deformable model guided by a special stochastic speed relationship. The latter accounts for a shape prior and appearance features in terms of voxel-wise image intensities and their pair-wise spatial interactions integrated into a two-level joint Markov-Gibbs random field (MGRF) model of the kidney and its background. The segmentation approach was evaluated on 21 CT data sets with available manual expert segmentation. The performance evaluation based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) between manually drawn and automatically segmented contours confirm the robustness and accuracy of the proposed segmentation approach.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Automation
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging*
  • Kidney / pathology*
  • Markov Chains
  • Models, Statistical
  • Pattern Recognition, Automated
  • Probability
  • ROC Curve
  • Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Stochastic Processes
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*