Background: Post-reperfusion syndrome (PRS) during isolated intestinal transplantation (ITx) is characterized by decreased systemic blood pressure, systemic vascular resistance, and cardiac output and by a moderate increased pulmonary arterial pressure. We hypothesize that the more severe PRS causes a poorer long-term outcome. The primary aim of this study was to determine the independent clinical predictors of intra-operative PRS, as well as to investigate the link between the severity of PRS and the intra-operative profiles and to examine the post-operative complications and their relationship with transplant outcome.
Methods: This observational study was conducted on 27 patients undergoing isolated ITx in a single adult liver and multivisceral transplantation center. PRS was considered when the mean arterial blood pressure was 30% lower than the pre-unclamping value and lasted for at least one min within 10 min after unclamping.
Results and conclusions: The main results of this study can be summarized in two findings: in patients undergoing ITx, the duration of cold ischemia and the pre-operative glomerular filtration rate were independent predictors of PRS and the occurrence of intra-operative PRS was associated with significantly more frequent post-operative renal failure and early post-operative death.
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.