Kinetics of interaction of nucleotides with nucleotide-free H-ras p21

Biochemistry. 1990 Jun 26;29(25):6058-65. doi: 10.1021/bi00477a025.

Abstract

A method is described for the convenient preparation of substantial quantities of nucleotide-free p21 or of 1:1 complexes with nucleotides other than GDP. The nucleotide-free protein has been used for kinetic studies of the binding of GDP and GTP, making use of the fluorescent analogues 3'-(methylanthraniloyl)-2'-deoxy-GDP and -GTP. Stopped-flow studies have led to the formulation of a two-step binding mechanism for both GDP and GTP, involving initial rapid but weak binding of the nucleotide followed by a relatively slow (10-20 s-1 at 25 degrees C; 3-5 s-1 at 5 degrees C) quasi-irreversible isomerization reaction. By use of a nonequilibrium competition method, guanosine and GMP have been shown to interact weakly but significantly with p21 (dissociation constants of 153 and 29 microM, respectively). The presence of guanosine or GMP at the active site of p21 leads to a marked stabilization of p21 against spontaneous denaturation when compared with the nucleotide- and nucleoside-free protein.

MeSH terms

  • Guanosine / metabolism
  • Guanosine Diphosphate / analogs & derivatives
  • Guanosine Diphosphate / metabolism
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Nucleotides / metabolism*
  • Oncogene Protein p21(ras) / metabolism*
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence
  • ortho-Aminobenzoates / metabolism

Substances

  • Nucleotides
  • ortho-Aminobenzoates
  • Guanosine
  • 3'-(methylanthraniloyl)-2'-deoxy-guanosine diphosphate
  • Guanosine Diphosphate
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • Oncogene Protein p21(ras)