The medicinal Agaricus mushroom cultivated in Brazil: biology, cultivation and non-medicinal valorisation

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011 Dec;92(5):897-907. doi: 10.1007/s00253-011-3630-7. Epub 2011 Oct 18.


Sun mushroom is a cultivated mushroom extensively studied for its medicinal properties for several years and literature abounds on the topic. Besides, agronomical aspects were investigated in Brazil, the country the mushroom comes from, and some studies focus on the biology of the fungus. This review aimed to present an overview of the non-medicinal knowledge on the mushroom. Areas of commercial production and marketing trends are presented. Its specific fragrance, taste, nutritional value and potential use of extracts as food additives are compared to those of the most cultivated fungi and laboratory models. The interest of the mushroom for lignocellulosic enzyme production and source of biomolecules for the control of plant pathogens are shown. Investigation of genetic variability among cultivars is reported. Growing and storage of mycelium, as well as cultivation conditions (substrate and casing generally based on local products; indoor and outdoor cultivation; diseases and disorders) are described and compared to knowledge on Agaricus bisporus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agaricus / chemistry*
  • Agaricus / enzymology
  • Agaricus / genetics
  • Agaricus / growth & development*
  • Brazil
  • Culture Techniques / methods*
  • Functional Food / analysis*
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Nutritive Value
  • Plant Diseases / prevention & control*


  • Fungal Proteins