XL647--a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor: results of a phase II study in subjects with non-small cell lung cancer who have progressed after responding to treatment with either gefitinib or erlotinib

J Thorac Oncol. 2012 Jan;7(1):219-26. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e31822eebf9.


Introduction: Although patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors harbor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations commonly experience significant regressions when treated with erlotinib or gefitinib, they uniformly develop resistance to these agents. The secondary EGFR T790M mutation is found in 50% of patients with acquired resistance. Herein, we studied XL647, an oral small molecule inhibitor of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases, including EGFR, VEGFR2, HER2, and EphB4, in NSCLC patients known or suspected of having tumors harboring T790M.

Methods: Eligible patients included those with relapsed or recurrent advanced NSCLC who progressed after ≥12 weeks of stable disease or response to erlotinib or gefitinib and/or those patients with a documented EGFR T790M. XL647 300 mg was administered once daily. The primary end point was objective response rate. Pretreatment plasma samples were collected for mutation testing of circulating tumor DNA.

Results: Forty-one patients were enrolled; 33 were evaluable for efficacy. One partial response was observed (response rate 3% and 90% confidence interval, 0% to 14%). Of patients whose tumors harbored T790M, 67% (8/12) had progression of disease as best response compared with 14% (3/21) of those without this mutation. Plasma samples from 40 patients were available for mutation testing, 14 (35%) of which were found to have EGFR mutations.

Conclusions: The 3% response rate observed did not meet the prespecified threshold to recommend further study of XL647 in patients who develop acquired resistance to erlotinib or gefitinib. Patients with T790M had a significantly worse progression-free survival.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Azabicyclo Compounds / adverse effects
  • Azabicyclo Compounds / therapeutic use*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / genetics
  • Disease Progression
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / genetics
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics*
  • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • Female
  • Gefitinib
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Quinazolines / adverse effects
  • Quinazolines / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Azabicyclo Compounds
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Quinazolines
  • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • XL647
  • Gefitinib