New families of adhesion molecules play a vital role in platelet functions

Immunol Today. 1990 Jul;11(7):225-7. doi: 10.1016/0167-5699(90)90089-r.

Abstract

Adhesion molecules play a crucial part in cell-matrix and in cell-cell interactions. These interactions, which are essential to the body's defense processes, involve adhesion molecules belonging to different families: integrins, immunoglobulins and selectins. Integrins are expressed by a large number of tissues, whereas other adhesion molecule families are restricted to a small number of cell types. A recent symposium dealt with the recruitment of circulating platelets at specific sites, their adhesion to extracellular matrix components and their activation by agonists leading to aggregation or attachment to other cells. These events, supporting hemostasis and thrombosis, involve integrins, selectins and other adhesion molecules. This report focuses on newly reported integrins (GPIa, GPIc, GPIIa), selectins (GMP-140) and GPIIIb, previously known as 'minor' surface oriented platelet glycoproteins. Major membrane glycoproteins such as GPIIb-IIIa (an integrin) and GPIb, which also play a vital role in platelet functions, have been extensively reviewed elsewhere.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Platelets / physiology*
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / classification
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / physiology*
  • Cell Adhesion*
  • Cell Communication
  • Collagen / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Laminin / metabolism
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology
  • Phagocytes / metabolism
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Thrombospondins

Substances

  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Fibronectins
  • Laminin
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Thrombospondins
  • Collagen