Electro-oxidation of CO(chem) on Pt nanosurfaces: solution of the peak multiplicity puzzle

Langmuir. 2012 Feb 21;28(7):3658-63. doi: 10.1021/la202913b. Epub 2011 Nov 7.

Abstract

An understanding of the oxidation of chemisorbed CO (CO(chem)) on Pt nanoparticle surfaces is of major importance to fuel cell technology. Here, we report on the relation between Pt nanoparticle surface structure and CO(chem) oxidative stripping behavior. Oxidative stripping voltammograms are obtained for CO(chem) preadsorbed on cubic, octahedral, and cuboctahedral Pt nanoparticles that possess preferentially oriented and atomically flat domains. They are compared to those obtained for etched and thermally treated Pt(poly) electrodes that possess atomically flat, ordered surface domains separated by grain boundaries as well as those obtained for spherical Pt nanoparticles. A detailed analysis of the results reveals for the first time the presence of up to four voltammetric features in CO(chem) oxidative stripping transients, a prepeak and three peaks, that are assigned to the presence of surface domains that are either preferentially oriented or disordered. The interpretation reported in this article allows one to explain all features within the voltammograms for CO(chem) oxidative stripping unambiguously.