Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently coexists in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is a key factor for beta blocker underprescription and underdosing. This study compared effects of bisoprolol and carvedilol in patients with both conditions.
Methods: This was a randomized open-label study, of bisoprolol and carvedilol during initiation and uptitration to target or maximal tolerated dose. Pulmonary function testing, 12-lead electrocardiogram, and N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide were measured at baseline and follow-up.
Results: We randomized 63 elderly patients (73 ± 9 years, 81% men, left ventricular ejection fraction 33 ± 7%) with mild to moderate CHF (54% New York Heart Assocation class II) and moderate to severe COPD (76% Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage 2). Target dose was tolerated by 31 (49%) patients and 19 (30%) patients experienced adverse events during follow-up (19% bisoprolol, 42% carvedilol, p = 0.045). Study medication had to be withdrawn in 8 (13%) patients (bisoprolol: 2 due to hypotension, 1 due to bradycardia; carvedilol: 2 due to hypotension and 1 due to wheezing, dyspnoea, and oedema, respectively). Forced expiratory volume in 1(st) second significantly increased in bisoprolol (1561 ± 414 ml to 1698 ± 519 ml, p = 0.046) but not carvedilol (1704 ± 484 to 1734 ± 548, p = 0.44) group. Both agents reduced heart rate (bisoprolol: 75 ± 14 to 68 ± 10, p = 0.007; carvedilol 78 ± 14 to 72 ± 12, p = 0.016) and had no effect on N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide.
Conclusions: Beta blockers frequently caused adverse events, and thus 49% of patients could tolerate the target dose. Bisoprolol induced demonstrable improvement in pulmonary function and caused less adverse events.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.