Gingival recession: part 3. Surgical management using free grafts and guided tissue regeneration

Br Dent J. 2011 Oct 21;211(8):353-8. doi: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.861.


This paper is the third in a three part series looking at the aetiology and management of gingival recession. Part 1 in this series discussed the aetiology of gingival recession and the non-surgical management. Part 2 discussed in detail the factors affecting the outcome of periodontal surgery and the use of pedicle flaps. This paper aims to discuss the surgical options available to correct localised recession defects using free grafts and guided tissue regeneration.

MeSH terms

  • Absorbable Implants
  • Collagen / therapeutic use
  • Connective Tissue / transplantation
  • Epithelium / transplantation
  • Gingiva / transplantation*
  • Gingival Recession / surgery*
  • Gingivoplasty / methods
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal / methods*
  • Humans
  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Prognosis
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Suture Techniques
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods
  • Tooth Root / surgery
  • Transplantation, Heterologous
  • Transplantation, Homologous
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Collagen