Purpose: GSK923295 is an inhibitor of CENP-E, a key cellular protein important in the alignment of chromosomes during mitosis. This was a Phase I, open-label, first-time-in-human, dose-escalation study, to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), safety, and pharmacokinetics of GSK923295.
Patients and methods: Adult patients with previously treated solid tumors were enrolled in successive cohorts at GSK923295 doses ranging from 10 to 250 mg/m(2). GSK923295 was administered by a 1-h intravenous infusion, once weekly for three consecutive weeks, with treatment cycles repeated every 4 weeks.
Results: A total of 39 patients were enrolled. The MTD for GSK923295 was determined to be 190 mg/m(2). Observed dose-limiting toxicities (all grade 3) were as follows: fatigue (n = 2, 5%), increased AST (n = 1, 2.5%), hypokalemia (n = 1, 2.5%), and hypoxia (n = 1, 2.5%). Across all doses, fatigue was the most commonly reported drug-related adverse event (n = 13; 33%). Gastrointestinal toxicities of diarrhea (n = 12, 31%), nausea (n = 8, 21%), and vomiting (n = 7, 18%) were generally mild. Frequency of neutropenia was low (13%). There were two reports of neuropathy and no reports of mucositis or alopecia. GSK923295 exhibited dose-proportional pharmacokinetics from 10 to 250 mg/m(2) and did not accumulate upon weekly administration. The mean terminal elimination half-life of GSK923295 was 9-11 h. One patient with urothelial carcinoma experienced a durable partial response at the 250 mg/m(2) dose level.
Conclusions: The novel CENP-E inhibitor, GSK923295, had dose-proportional pharmacokinetics and a low number of grade 3 or 4 adverse events. The observed incidence of myelosuppression and neuropathy was low. Further investigations may provide a more complete understanding of the potential for GSK923295 as an antiproliferative agent.