Background: The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2542151 within the gene locus region encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) has been associated with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), type-I diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. We have previously shown that PTPN2 regulates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling and cytokine secretion in human THP-1 monocytes and intestinal epithelial cells (IEC). Here, we studied whether intronic PTPN2 SNP rs1893217 regulates immune responses to the nucleotide-oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) ligand, muramyl-dipeptide (MDP).
Materials and methods: Genomic DNA samples from 343 CD and 663 non-IBD control patients (male and female) from a combined German, Swiss, and Polish cohort were genotyped for the presence of the PTPN2 SNPs, rs2542151, and rs1893217. PTPN2-variant rs1893217 was introduced into T(84) IEC or THP-1 cells using a lentiviral vector.
Results: We identified a novel association between the genetic variant, rs1893217, located in intron 7 of the PTPN2 gene and CD. Human THP-1 monocytes carrying this variant revealed increased MAPK activation as well as elevated mRNA expression of T-bet transcription factor and secretion of interferon-γ in response to the bacterial wall component, MDP. In contrast, secretion of interleukin-8 and tumor necrosis factor were reduced. In both, T(84) IEC and THP-1 monocytes, autophagosome formation was impaired.
Conclusions: We identified a novel CD-associated PTPN2 variant that modulates innate immune responses to bacterial antigens. These findings not only provide key insights into the effects of a functional mutation on a clinically relevant gene, but also reveal how such a mutation could contribute to the onset of disease.
Copyright © 2011 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.