Objective: The purpose of our study was to compare high-resolution gadofosveset-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) with the reference standard CT angiography (CTA) in planning endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms.
Subjects and methods: Thirty consecutive patients were included in this prospective study. CTA was performed routinely before EVAR for stent-graft implantation planning and selection. In addition, first-pass and, after a delay of 10 minutes, steady-state MRA were performed using the blood pool contrast agent gadofosveset for study purposes. Standard diameter and length parameters for stent-graft evaluation rendered from CTA and MRA were compared. According to the results of MRA measurements, stent-grafts were selected for each patient and compared with the device actually implanted. Image quality was assessed using subjective image quality parameters.
Results: Diameter and length measurements showed small but significant differences (p < 0.001) between MRA and CTA. Stent-graft selection according to these measurements showed 100% concordance between both modalities. Subjective imaging parameters showed significantly better results for CTA compared with MRA (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: In this study, MRA using a blood pool contrast agent has shown the ability to provide reliable and exact measurements before EVAR, allowing noninvasive planning of the intervention despite lower image-quality and without the disadvantages of ionizing radiation and nephrotoxicity.