The renal manifestations of thyroid disease

J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Jan;23(1):22-6. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2010070766. Epub 2011 Oct 21.


Thyroid hormones influence renal development, kidney structure, renal hemodynamics, GFR, the function of many transport systems along the nephron, and sodium and water homeostasis. These effects of thyroid hormone are in part due to direct renal actions and in part are mediated by cardiovascular and systemic hemodynamic effects that influence kidney function. As a consequence, both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism associate with clinically important alterations in kidney function and have relevance to its assessment. Disorders of thyroid function have also been linked to development of immune-mediated glomerular injury, and alterations in thyroid hormones and thyroid hormone testing occur in patients with kidney disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Kidney / growth & development
  • Kidney / physiopathology*
  • Kidney Diseases / etiology
  • Thyroid Diseases / complications
  • Thyroid Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Thyroid Function Tests
  • Thyroid Hormones / physiology*


  • Thyroid Hormones