Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a case control study from China

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012 Apr;18(4):403-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03503.x. Epub 2011 Oct 25.


Patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at higher risk of developing invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). However, there are limited data for this disease. To evaluate risk factors and the clinical characteristics of IPA in COPD patients, we conducted a hospital-based, retrospective case-control study of 30 COPD patients with IPA and 60 COPD control patients without IPA. Patients in the case group were significantly more likely to have concurrent co-morbidities than controls. Of the IPA patients, 65.4% had worsening radiological findings vs. 11.4% in the control group (p<0.001). IPA in COPD was associated with a higher proportion of mechanical ventilation (43.3% vs. 5%; p<0.001), a longer hospital stay duration (45.8±39.1 days vs. 18.4±11.8 days; p<0.001), and higher mortality (43.3% vs. 11.4%; p<0.001). Systemic use of steroids in the stable phase, treatment with three or more antibiotics during hospitalization and antibiotic treatment longer than 10 days were independent risk factors associated with IPA. COPD patients with obvious dyspnoea, antibiotic-resistant lower respiratory tract infection and repeated detection of Aspergillus in sputum should be considered for the possibility of IPA.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Aspergillus / isolation & purification*
  • Aspergillus / pathogenicity
  • Body Mass Index
  • Case-Control Studies
  • China / epidemiology
  • Dyspnea / complications
  • Dyspnea / epidemiology
  • Dyspnea / microbiology
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis / complications*
  • Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis / drug therapy
  • Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis / epidemiology
  • Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis / microbiology
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / complications*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / drug therapy
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / epidemiology
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / microbiology
  • Risk Factors


  • Antifungal Agents