International efforts at paratuberculosis control

Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2011 Nov;27(3):647-54, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2011.07.011.


Johne’s disease has spread with livestock movements across the globe during the past century. International interest and collaboration in research and disease control have increased in the past 20 years. Control within infected herds and flocks has traditionally focused on reducing the impacts on animal welfare and productivity. Endemically infected regions are also moving to reduce contamination of the farm environment and of farm products. Several countries have been working to safeguard apparently free livestock populations and regions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Global Health
  • International Cooperation
  • Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis / immunology*
  • Paratuberculosis / epidemiology
  • Paratuberculosis / prevention & control*
  • Ruminants
  • United States / epidemiology
  • United States Department of Agriculture
  • Vaccination / veterinary*