The general training received by pharmacists in Hospital Pharmacy enables them to analyse and implement improvements in the prescription, dispensing and administration of medications. This may lead to an increase in the overall safety of the use of drugs. The main goal of the paediatric pharmacist is to improve patient care by greater attention to the individual via validation of medical prescriptions and pharmaceutical follow-up, leading to safe, effective and efficient pharmacotherapy. This is a multidisciplinary review by the Pharmacy Department and Paediatric Intensive Care Unit. The objectives were to analyse the role of a resident pharmacist in PICU to identify improvements to promote rational drug use, and to design a teaching program for paediatric pharmacists that may serve as a reference for other centres.
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