Improving outpatient diabetes care

Am J Med Qual. May-Jun 2012;27(3):233-40. doi: 10.1177/1062860611418491. Epub 2011 Oct 26.

Abstract

More than 20% of patients in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) have diabetes; therefore, disseminating "best practices" in outpatient diabetes care is paramount. The authors' goal was to identify such practices and the factors associated with their development. First, a national VHA diabetes registry with 2008 data identified clinical performance based on the percentage of patients with an A1c >9%. Facilities (n = 140) and community-based outpatient clinics (n = 582) were included and stratified into high, mid, and low performers. Semistructured telephone interviews (31) and site visits (5) were conducted. Low performers cited lack of teamwork between physicians and nurses and inadequate time to prepare. Better performing sites reported supportive clinical teams sharing work, time for non-face-to-face care, and innovative practices to address local needs. A knowledge management model informed our process. Notable differences between performance levels exist. "Best practices" will be disseminated across the VHA as the VHA Patient-Centered Medical Home model is implemented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ambulatory Care / methods
  • Ambulatory Care / organization & administration*
  • Ambulatory Care / standards
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Diabetes Mellitus / therapy*
  • Disease Management
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knowledge Management
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient-Centered Care / organization & administration
  • Patient-Centered Care / standards*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Program Evaluation
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care / methods*
  • United States
  • United States Department of Veterans Affairs / organization & administration
  • United States Department of Veterans Affairs / standards*