Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2011 Oct 28;334(6055):512-6.
doi: 10.1126/science.1207598.

The Complex Folding Network of Single Calmodulin Molecules

Free article

The Complex Folding Network of Single Calmodulin Molecules

Johannes Stigler et al. Science. .
Free article


Direct observation of the detailed conformational fluctuations of a single protein molecule en route to its folded state has so far been realized only in silico. We have used single-molecule force spectroscopy to study the folding transitions of single calmodulin molecules. High-resolution optical tweezers assays in combination with hidden Markov analysis reveal a complex network of on- and off-pathway intermediates. Cooperative and anticooperative interactions across domain boundaries can be observed directly. The folding network involves four intermediates. Two off-pathway intermediates exhibit non-native interdomain interactions and compete with the ultrafast productive folding pathway.

Comment in

  • Biochemistry. How proteins fold.
    Sosnick TR, Hinshaw JR. Sosnick TR, et al. Science. 2011 Oct 28;334(6055):464-5. doi: 10.1126/science.1214018. Science. 2011. PMID: 22034424 No abstract available.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 110 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources